ironman western australia

Which Ironman Should I Do?

Dealing with Pre Race Nerves

Pre Race Nerves – Dealing with them positively 

Leading into any major race I encourage athletes to spend time visualising their race day performance.  Not from a time perspective but more on how they want to feel. What do they want to feel like? Feeling strong, being patient, positive and confident in their physical ability. Overcoming the challenges as they arise and being in the present at all time during the race.

Planting the emotional and mental seeds in your body to take your performance to another level. It will be hard, there will be challenges however if you have spent time preparing mentally for those challenges then you will more than likely still achieve the result you were wanting.

Getting in touch with your emotional self is the true art of racing; which in my opinion is beating that evil little voice in your head that will rear its ugly presence either before or during the race. 

This exercise is especially effective on race day when it come to dealing with pre-race nerves.  That funny feeling you get in your stomach. The adrenaline that you feel running through your body and that nervous excitement that takes over you as you start to prepare for the ultimate battle. Yes it is the ultimate battle against yourself. Not your competitors, not the course, not the distance but you.  Only you and that little voice that says you’re not good enough. 

Pre race nerves are a good thing. It shows that the race means something to you. So rather than seeing it as a negative turn it into a positive. Accept the feelings and acknowledge they are there. 

As an example say this, “I’m nervous, that’s okay that means I am ready to race.” Compared to, I’m so nervous and I don’t know if I can do this.” Embrace the feelings as they hit you and don’t waste precious nervous energy fighting them. 

If you start a race in a positive, confident and strong frame of mind then more than likely that is how you will perform during the race. Strong, confident and positive which is what you have visualised leading into the race.





The Importance of a Solid Aerobic Base

The Importance of a Solid Aerobic Base

Mark Turner coachingTriathlon is a sport that predominantly uses the bodies aerobic energy system.  Even the shortest of races are still powered by the aerobic energy system so it makes sense to my simple brain that is the system that needs to be developed and appropriately trained.

Without having the solid aerobic conditioning it’s like a house without a slab. The walls and roof start to become a little shaky and under stress they will eventually collapse. On the outside it might look awesome and really pretty to look at but check inside and there is no foundation to keep it together.

There are a lot of triathletes like this, really pretty to look at but once you take a closer look you can see there are some major structural issues that need addressing.

By having a solid aerobic foundation you can recover from your training sessions better, can hold a faster pace for longer, you will get a better training effect from interval sessions as your recovery between sets is quicker and you’re able to hold a faster pace for more efforts. Additionally your body is more efficient at burning fat as a fuel source.

So how do you build a solid aerobic foundation? How long does it take?

It’s actually quite simple really which is why it’s surprising that many get it wrong.  Sometimes in training you need to go slow!!  Go slow to go fast.  To get faster and to build the aerobic foundation we need to swim, ride and run at our own individual aerobic heart rates.  I have touched on this formula in previous articles but once you know it you need to spend 70-80% of your total training time in that zone. You’re either training above or below race pace, very little at race pace.

And when you do this over a period of weeks, months and years that aerobic pace becomes faster.  And this is where people struggle because after a few weeks they lose patience and can’t handle the fact they might be going slow. Building an aerobic foundation is something you should do every year. It takes patience and discipline.

I have trained athletes and am still coaching those who can run a fast 10km in well under 40 minutes but have an aerobic pace of almost 6 minutes which is too slow in comparison.  Everyone’s aerobic pace will be different but if you can run 35 min for 10km it is fair to say your aerobic training pace will sit somewhere between 4.30 and 5.00 min km’s.

I have an athlete at the moment that has improved his aerobic training pace by 20 sec per km in the last 3 months following this formula.  This particular athlete had done too much intensity, was injured and starting to lose his love of the sport.  It was about going back to basics, getting the aerobic foundation again and then building slowly from there. We’re now starting to add a little intensity into the program but it has taken 3 months before we’re even able to do a little bit. And this athlete has over 10 years in the sport already. 

I always look at what the athlete needs and how they will respond to certain types of training. If an athlete comes to me with a solid aerobic foundation already I will prescribe a different strategy. One where there might be more intensity but again to the amount of intensity is different for some athletes. 

Interval training will get a person fit quickly. It also has aerobic benefits but the benefits are greater once you have the aerobic foundation in place.

Volume versus Intensity

In my last article I spoke about polarized training and the importance of going easy on the easy and hard on the hard.  Before I go into the benefits of volume training and the benefits of training with more intensity it is important to discuss what is easy and what is hard. 

I believe in keeping it nice and simple. Many coaches will discuss 5 different zones of training from zone 1 being active recovery to zone 5 being faster than race pace. Each with a different heart rate range however from a programming perspective I find this to be confusing and unecassary. 

Easy, moderate and hard is all you need. Easy is aerobic training at under 70-75% of your maximum heart rate, moderate is 75-85% of your max and hard is 85% and above.  We should try and spend most of our time in the easy aerobic range and most of the other 20% in the hard range.  I am not a big fan of doing too much in the moderate range.

We don’t go hard enough or easy enough to get the physiological benefits required. These include improved fat burning and improved muscular endurance which in my opinion are the two key principles we should be look at improving.  The easy aerobic training predominantly improves fat burning while the harder anaerobic work improves muscular endurance. 

One thing we know with training is that volume works.  It gives us the required physiological changes we need to perform well.  When it comes to long course racing I think a level of 15-20 hrs per week is the ideal consistent range you need to be in if taking a volume based approach to your training or the 80/20 polarised approach. 

However not everyone has 15-20 hrs per week to train.  In that case an approach where the formula is changed to a more 70/30 of 70% easy and 30% can also yield similar results.  It should be noted however this type of training is very challenging both physically and mentally. There can be not any wasted training time. 

Shorter intense training can lead to a similar training effect to longer easier training. As am example a 4hr ride with specific interval work can give a similar training stress to a 5-6 hr longer aerobic ride. My experience and studies have shown that the longer aerobic ride will produce better results but not my a great deal. 

Where this type of shorter harder training comes into play is for an athlete that is time poor. The make up of the 4hr ride with intervals vs the 5-6 hr aerobic ride are different but depending on the athlete both have application. 

Hawaii IronmanI have tried both philosophies myself and also coached athletes in both ways and have found the longer rides to produce better training adaptations. An  example if Chris Bailey who has qualified for Kona twice on nothing longer than 4hr rides and also Stella Foley who went onto more longer aerobic rides of 5hrs plus. 

Another athlete I trained to Kona Scott Budd did more intense running due to time restrictions but longer rides so sometimes we mix it up depending on their available time. 

The underlying principle here is that while I have a guiding philosophy you need to be flexible and adapt according to the athlete. 

In the next article we’ll touch on the importance of building the solid aerobic foundation and going slow to go fast.

Why We Do What We Do – How We Should Train

I am a triathlon tragic. I love everything about the sport and confess to devouring all the different websites, social media posts and latest training improvements every day.  I can’t get enough of it. 

Through my own experiences as an athlete for over 25 years and a coach for 10 years, I think I am fairly well placed to have an informed opinion on what works when it comes to training.  Additionally through my own research and studies and having trained with, coached and spoken to elite athletes, elite coaches and age group coaches I keep coming back to a very simple but effective approach. 

Easy on the easy, hard on the hard and be consistent. In fact it is in our DNA to train that way. 

The human form can out run anything on the planet. As cavemen we had to hunt for our food and whilst our prey were faster we could run for longer and when it came time to catch it we were able to quickly increase our speed. Our bodies are built to go slow or fast. 

With training for any distance as a general rule I believe in polarized training. About 80% of our training needs to be at an aerobic level and the remaining 20% at an anaerobic level. There are cases where that differs slightly based on the athlete but that is my underlying principle for triathlon. 

This teaches our body to become fat burning machines, improves V02 max, threshold levels and muscular endurance.  All key components to becoming a faster athlete. 

The problem is many athletes will go too fast on the easy sessions and not hard enough on their hard sessions.  Some think that unless they are screwed at the end of every session then they haven’t improved.  Others seem addicted to their garmins or not disciplined enough to go at their easy pace and not their training partners.  So whilst it is easy to get right it is also easy to get wrong. 

As a coach we manage the volume, intensity and recovery for the athlete so they get the best outcome.  That is the part that differs for athletes but as a general rule the training principle should stay the same. 

In my next article I’ll talk about what is easy and what is hard. And go into volume versus intensity and how there maybe slight changes in the training formula based on the specific athlete.

Mark’s Musings – Where Did We Lose It?

Where Did We Lose It?

Having had our little boy Finn recently, I can’t help but be reminded of how simple life is for babies and small children.  Eat, sleep, have someone to love you and there’s your recipe for happiness.  Everything is simple, we’re not scarred by life’s challenges and we have a go at everything.

fall-down-seveWhen we learn to walk we fall down a lot but get back up and keep trying. In fact everything we learn to do as children we keep going until we have mastered the skill. But as adults we have these barriers, we give up when it get’s hard and we also berate ourselves mentally when things don’t go to plan. 

As adults, at times, I feel as though we have lost our way in what being happy and satisfied is about. We get lost in wanting more, worrying about what others think and perhaps at times are too focused on a result rather than the journey that goes towards to outcome.  

In my professional life, I have been fortunate enough to coach/teach children and adults.  There are pros and cons to working with both however the main difference is children are less concerned with the result, have more fun with the process and are far more open-minded to trying new skills. 

Kids don’t worry about what others think as they’re more concerned with trying to develop the new skill and are definitely less inclined to give up when it gets too hard. Adults sometimes focus on why it won’t work, what will happen if they fail and what others will think. 

And adults will sometimes say the worst things to themselves, like I’m not good enough, that person is better than me and there is no way I can do that. Kids however haven’t learned these bad habits and just have a go.

Would you say some of the things we say to ourselves to your friends or children?  Of course not so why then do we say them to ourselves?  Why are we stubborn and resistant to change?

have-funSo where did we go wrong?  When did it become so much about what others think and worrying about the consequences of what some might perceive as failure?  It’s almost like some adults have a fear of success and are too addicted to their comfort zone. Can we be more like kids and just have fun?

By nature, I am serious person and have been told that sometimes I come across as scary when coaching.  I know I enjoy my coaching more when I have a laugh and aren’t worried so much about whether people are enjoying the session or if they are getting what they need from it.  I am certainly guilty of such thoughts at times, in fact I think most people would be. 

I find by being more relaxed I am more inclined to develop a connection with the athletes.  It goes without saying that the better connection a coach has with their athlete the more the athlete will respond.

It further affirms to me that our mindset controls so much on race day. At the elite level especially there is often very little physical difference between the athlete.  What then seperates them is a mind set. Their self belief, confidence, mental preparation.  I think this tweet emphasizes what it should be about, we fall down but we get back and keep moving forward and believe in ourselves to do what it required, whether that is walking or running.

 Why do we not adopt the same practices at age group level? I am convinced that if we trained our mind as much as our body we would be more satisfied, happier and less stressed.



Putrajaya 70.3 Chris Bailey

Interview with the Bailey’s

Improving Aerodynamics on the Bike

New Year resolutions

New Year Resolutions – Do They Mean Anything?

New Year Resolutions – Do They Mean Anything?

New Year resolutionsIn general, the average human being waits until December, when there’s a chance to mentally recover from another year of work and play, before saying to themselves, ‘next year is my year’.
We often aim to write off mistakes of the past and set plans to do something better in the 12 months to come.
Who really follows through? Who actually does it better? Who makes the changes and achieves the goals they set?
In the triathlon world, New Year’s resolutions often revolve around a particular race, a faster time, the improvement of a specific leg, to drop some weight, buy that new bike or attempt to be tougher mentally in those clinch moments during training or racing. I would dare say many of us never complete all of our New Year’s resolutions.
I believe it is because we don’t hold ourselves accountable. We keep our goals hidden in case we don’t achieve them. This way no one can think any less of us. Many of us are very good at posting on social media what we do in training yet racing dreams remain secret.
I argue this is linked to worrying about what others think and being afraid to fail. What does it matter what people, expect loved ones, think? How do you know what you’re capable of if you haven’t failed to achieve something in your life?
I cringe at people who sit on the sidelines taking pot shots at others when they fall short of a goal. Fence sitters, haters or critics. Call them what you will but they are not worth the Facebook space they cruelly dominate.
Let’s be accountable, tell the world your goals for 2016. Don’t be afraid of failing and don’t worry about what others think. The magic is in the process and seeing what you are capable of achieving. A poem by Theodore Roosevelt captures this perfectly:

“It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat.”

Therefore in the spirit of this article my personal 2016 triathlon goals are to qualify for Kona at IM Cairns in June and the World 70.3 champs at Busso 70.3 in May. Professionally as a coach it is always the same, introduce more people to the sport through our beginner courses and secondly, continue to challenge our squad members to do be better.